Sacrifice for Hajj
Sacrifice in Makkah

The sacrifice performed on Eid Al-Adha by those performing Hajj is known as Hadi.  For those pilgrims performing Hajj Qiran or Hajj Tammattu sacrificing an animal is Wajib.  For those performing Hajj Ifrad it is Sunnah (recommended).

“…Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs Umrah in the months of Hajj, before performing Hajj, (ie. Tammattu and Qiran), he must slaughter a Hadi such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all….” (Al Baqarah: 196)

It is permissible for pilgrims to eat from the Hadi meat and it is important to note that this sacrifice is not fidyah or an expiation, it is a compulsory act for those performing Hajj Qiran or Tammattu.

Permissible sacrificial animals are camels, cattle, sheep or goats.  Sheep and goats are required to be sacrificed by an individual whereas a pilgrim can share with six others in a cow or camel.

The sacrificial animal should have reached the required age, which is six months for a lamb, one year for a goat, two years for a cow and five years for a camel.
It should be free of any faults, because the Prophet sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “There are four that will not be suitable for sacrifice: a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is noticeable, a lame animal whose limp is evident and an emaciated animal that has no marrow in its bones.” (Saheeh al-Jaami) There are milder defects that do not disqualify an animal, but it is disliked to sacrifice such animals, such as one with a horn or ear missing or one with slits in its ears etc. Sacrificing Udhiyah is an act of worship to Allah – and Allah is Good and accepts only that which is good; “…And whoever honours the symbols (i.e., rites) of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” (Al-Hajj: 32)

The correct timing for the slaughter of Hadi is on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah and the three days after that which are called Ayaam-at-Tashreek (which means to cut meat into strips for drying).

The correct place for slaughtering is either Mina, Muzdalifah or Makkah.  The Prophet (saw) said: “I slaughtered here but the whole of Mina is a place of sacrifice”. (Muslim)  It should be noted that it is not permissible to offer this type of sacrifice in your home country.  The sacrifice must be performed in the Mina, Makkah, Muzdalifah area.

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